Vitex tree for honey picking and ornamental
The chaste tree (Vitex: agnus-castus) is a pink, purple, or white long-bloomed flower from late spring to early autumn. It smells consistently.
Although it originated in China, it has been cultivated as a substitute for lilac in the United States since 1670, mainly due to its hot resistance, mainly in the southern region. This tree, which is regarded as a shrub, grows up to 4.5-6 meters, and butterflies and bees gather to get honey. If you cut the ears of flowers, it will not set seeds and will bloom continuously.
Choose sunny and well drained land. The soil that is rich in manure is damp, so dry land is better. Once settled, there is almost no need to give water, and it is better to mud or gravel to drain quickly even if it rains. It is better to avoid mulching by bark or sawdust.
Give versatile fertilizer about once every 1-2 years. When the earth is frozen, the upper layer can die, but there are several buds from the stem.
A test, in China, with 14 barrels of vitex honey shows antioxidative and hepatic protection effects, and showed very high phenolic content (344-520 mg GAE per kg), flavonoid content (19-31 mg Rutin per kg), and Nine phenolic acids were detected . The antioxidant activity of DPPH radical scavenging, ferric reducing antioxidant power and ferrous ion-chelating ability The highest antioxidant activity was found in Heibei Zanhuang honey (the highest antioxidant activity was orally administered to mice (5 g kg Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC), a value that can measure antioxidant capacity, is the highest value in the high-dose (20 g kg -1), 20 g kg (-1) Increased by 15.07% (2 +) - mediate lipoprotein oxidation (80.07%), which is the cause of aging. and suppression in alanine aminotransferase (75.79%) and aspartate aminotransferase (74.52%), enhancement in the superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities and reduction in malondialdehyde (36.15%) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (19.6%) formation compared with paracetamol-intoxicated group. The results demonstrated the hepatoprotection of vitex honey against paracetamol-induced liver damage might attribute to its antioxidant and/or perhaps pro-oxidative property.
<How to grow vitex from seeds>
It grows up to 3 meters in height. It grows well on sunny and dry ground. The seeds are shallowly planted and pressed firmly. Germination takes about 18 days. I grow up in port for about a year and relocate in the following year.
New seed collection in 2018 takes place in September-November.
Cold hardiness zones 6 to 10
It is drought tolerant.
Fresh seeds is not difficult to germinate.
Breaking the dormant is not necessary, and temperature and humidity must be kept constant.
Sowing 4 weeks before thawing (February in mid US)
Remove dead seeds floating on the water and soak in the water for 24 hours and sow.
- Mix the soil with potting soil and perlite, pour water into the pot, drain water for 10-15 minutes and then sow.
- Cover with 0.6 cm thick compost soil.
- Place the pot in a warm, sunny location. In the daytime, the soil is made so that the soil does not dry too quickly.
- Check the water every day. 1.3 centimeters deep When dry, water to a depth of 2.5 centimeters.
- If the temperature drops below 18 degrees, use a germ mat to raise it to 24 degrees.
- Germinate in/about 2 weeks. Pour the potted soil and Masato into a 33-centimeter pot mixed with half-pound. In the summer of the first year, water is given about an inch each week and it is raised in half sword.
- Use half and half of garden soil sand for transplanting to 33cm pot. In the first summer, give water 1”(2.54cm) every week, and grow them in the shade. In the late summer let them adapted in direct sunlight. Relocate the trees in early fall to a permanent location. Choose a place that is sunny and drains well. When planting large quantities, it is good to give a space of about 3 meters.
The tree is originated in China and India. Vitex negundo / Nirgundi (Vitex negundo)
The vitex Negundo have serrated leaves.
The Vitex is pest-repellent when storing garlic, and is used as a cold remedy in the Philippines. Roots and leaves are used for skin diseases such as stinging, ringworm, liver disease and rheumatic pain. Seeds are used as insect repellents and are used to combat mosquitoes.