08/17/18  |  Views:929  

About Kenaf, Kernaf, and Kneff


Kenaf Scientific name: Hibiscus Cannabinus


The kenaf has been cultivated in northeastern Africa for 4,000 years, close to cotton and okra. Easy to grow and good productivity.

There are many varieties of kenaf, which have been studied at the University of Mississippi since the 1930s. In East Africa, East Indies, and Asia, soft leaves have been used as feed for livestock for over 1,000 years. As a food ingredient, it was used for salads to make spinach flavored with citrus. It is rich in calcium, selenium, protein, and omega fatty acid.

The kenaf is environmentally friendly and grows up to six meters in 150 days. Water and fertilizer are all that needed. Unlike other destructive varieties, kenaf enriches the soil and purifies the air.

Flowers are yellow and white in color, and the inside is red like a rising sun, and with rat night.

When the stem grows about 1.5 meters after 55-60 days after sowing, the soft leaves are nutritious and fed by the livestock. Fully grown stems are used as raw materials for paper and textile products, livestock rugs, and soil remediation agents.  

It produces two fibers from the stem. One is to obtain jute-like long fibers from the shell, which produces coarse hemp, carpet padding, and pulp. Another is short, sponge-like cohesive fiber that is very light like balsa trees.

The kenaf fiber absorbs oil up to 92%. One pound (454 grams) of Kenaf can absorb 1.65 gallons (3.785 liters) of oil or more than ten times as much as 11 pounds (4.99 kilos) of oil. It is a hydrocarbon product that can absorb up to 12 times its own weight. Plant cultivation is excellent by mulching effect.

Kenaf is used for food, clothing, building materials (plywood, block, plastic), and for fuel to clean soil, water and air. A good substitute is that you can produce your own pulp without relying on import without cutting the wood.


Kenaf is often used as a raw material to make ropes rather than consumed by itself. There is not much demand for domestic industry, but there is demand for other niche markets. Commercial production takes place in Georgia, Mississippi, and North Carolina.



In the United States, when thawing occurs and when the temperature of the soil reaches 13 degrees, it is sown. In other areas, it is planted in early April - May. It is good to adapt to various soils. It is good to grow at the well-draining soil and at the sandy soil. Kenaf seeds are sown at a depth of 1.25-2.5 cm and germinate in 2-4 days. When planted too tightly, the stem does not stretch well, and long fiber production is hindered. It grows fully in 150 days and produces 6 - 10 tons per acre.


<Improved Kenaf Whitten>

Whitten 'kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) (Reg. No. CV-1, PI 639889) was developed by the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Research Institute in 2005. It has a protein content of up to 34%. Seeds are edible and grind to make bread.

The characteristics of Whitten, named DRC96-1 in this laboratory,

(i) Heart-shaped, thinly serrated leaves

(ii) Height and productivity

(iii) Strong against white powder disease.

(iv)Late flowering


< Marie Bourguignon's letter about purchasing Cannabis seeds >


Marie Bourguignon

Technology Development Field Assistant (TFA - TDRA), Monsanto Learning Center at Scott, MS

Scott, Mississippi

Current Monsanto - Harvestaff


Iowa State University - College of Agriculture



Marie wrote:

Dr. Baldwin,

I hope all is well for you. I finished my PhD on kenaf in December 2016 and I have worked on cotton and vegetable since then. I am now in New-Jersey for work and all is well for me!

I am contacting you because Kenneth Lee asked me where to find Dowling and Whitten seeds in bulk (see below). I have not kept myself very updated on the commercialization of kenaf seeds, therefore I am asking your help on this. Have you heard about any company that would sell these seeds?

Thank you for your time,

Marie Bourguignon


<Reply from Dr. Baldwin>

Good to hear everything is well for you.   Unfortunately major seed supplier has stopped producing kenaf. I checked to see if their website was up. It isn’t. I will check with them directly in Mexico to see if they have anything in storage.







Dr. Brian S. Baldwin


Seed count of Kenaf : 15,000 – 20, 000 seeds per pound/454 grams

One Kenaf plant produces more than 200 seeds. It can produce 1,000 pounds (454 kilos) of seed at one acre. Seed production can also be a significant source of income.

<Livestock feed>

Leaves can be cut and cut to feed rabbits, fish, chickens and goats, and low in fat and cholesterol, and higher in protein than beef per weight. Rabbits, fish, and tilapia can be fed(the US imports $ 750 million worth of tilapia annually from China)

At home, rabbits, fish, chickens, goats, poultry, livestock, etc. can be fed to save money.


<Kenaf as fuel>

The kenaf stem is valuable as a fuel comparable to pine trees. Low cost, safe and smoke-free fireplace with high thermal efficiency. It is more efficient and cleaner than other firewood, and the ash is used as environmentally friendly fertilizer.

This reduction of wasted elements can reduce the desolation of forests due to logging and recycle the ashes.


<Carbon Sequestration>

At one acre (1,224 pyeong), 8 times the number of evergreen carbon can be fixed. One acre of cannabis fixes 10 - 20 tons of carbon with photosynthesis. Five tons of carbon fixtures are made when burning Kenaf in stove. This gives better quality soil.

Kenaf fixes CO2 as an alternative to prevent global warming.


<Electricity Generation>

Inventor C. Morrison created a hydrocarbon gas, called Syngas, using the by-product from Kenaf, which is good enough to run electricity. One acre of cannabis byproducts has 4-5 times more efficacy than trees, and the Kenaf produced from 50-acre land is enough to power the power plants needed for a town.



The outer surface of the cannabis is tough fiber, which can be used to make bags, plastics, industrial fabrics, ropes and ropes.



Kenaf paper is superior to wood pulp and has less fiber and less production time than wood.


<Building Materials>

Stem shells can be used for synthetic materials, polymers, binders, natural degradation plastics, injection molded panels, fiber reinforced stiffeners, wood panel reinforcements, cement, and wall materials. Styrofoam fiber structure can be used for animal dragonflies, cat urine products, water purification devices, and for removing contaminated oil from the sea or land. It can be used as a lightweight, strong fireproof quarantine material.


They produce Kenaf seeds mainly in India. And Mexico, Brazil...etc.
Seedmall  |   08/17/18  5:05 PM
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